Making Airline Travel Less Stressful

Get cheap airline tickets and avoid the crowds

The Air Transport Association is predicting that 2006 will see record numbers of passengers; especially during the summer season. With nearly 207 million passengers boarding commercial airplanes in the United States this year, terminals are going to be crowded and people are going to be crabby. Additionally, due to the rise in gas rises, which especially affects airlines, the domestic capacity will be down this summer, leaving fewer planes to carry more travelers. Don’t let this discourage you from traveling though; you just need to plan ahead. Follow these few travel tips and you’ll make airline travel less stressful and make summer vacations moreenjoyable.

Booking your tickets: How to get cheap airline tickets and avoid the crowds Trying to book airline tickets is always stressful. There are so many things that need to be considered, especially the price. Just break down the decisions into steps and the task will be less formidable. The more flexible your travel plans are, the better deals you will get. First, when are you traveling? The best deals can be found if you leave during the week and stay through Saturday. Second, the time of day you leave is almost as important. Often less popular times like early morning or late night departure times will be less costly. Also, the airport will be less crowded during the times and alsoduring the week.

If the prices still are high, try looking at departing or arriving at different airports. Sometimes neighboring airports will offer better deals. For example if you are vacationing in
San Francisco, arriving in Oakland or San Jose may save you hundreds of dollars. Additionally, if you are looking to save money, nonstop flights can oftentimes be more expensive. If layovers are not too bothersome, they can oftentimes save travelers money. The more you shop around – the better deals you will find. Visit multiple airline ticket sites like Priceline or Travelocity. Another great place to find cheap airline tickets online is Studentuniverse.com. This Web site offers cheap airline tickets for students and educators.

Picking the best seat So, you’ve found the best deal out there, now you get to choose where you are sitting — this is one of most important airline travel tips. The first decision is front, back or middle. If you are in a hurry or have connecting flights that need to be made, a seat near the front of the plane is your best choice. If you are traveling with children, the bulkhead seats are a good choice because it allows for more legroom, but these seats also do not have seats in front of you to store items under. Children are not allowed to sit in the exit rows. So, if you want to keep clear of children, the exit rows are a good choice to sit in. They also have more legroom, but you are responsible for opening the exits and assisting if there is an accident. If you get airsick or just hate turbulence, the seats over the wings offer the smoothest ride for airline travel. The last decision is window or aisle seat. If you want to sleep the window seat allows you to lean against the side for comfier snoozing. If you have large legs or have to get up and move a lot to get things from your carry on bags, the aisle seat will be the best choice to make airline travel more comfortable

Check-in: Airline travel tips Once again, the crowds will be smaller during the earlier departure times and during the week. However, to expediate the whole check-in process there are several things you can do. First, if you have an electronic ticket, make sure to have your confirmation number and you may want to call ahead and confirm with the airline to avoid any last minute problems. Departure delays and any other flight information can be found on-line prior to leaving for the airport. To ensure you do not miss your flight, arrive at the airport at least 1 ½ hours prior to departure or earlier if it is a busy flying season like holidays. Electronic check-in kiosks are the quickest; make sure you have a credit card and your ID handy. If you have luggage that needs to be checked in, make sure there is an attendant at the electronic check-in to do that. One way to beat the check-in line is to use the curbside check-in service. There usually are no lines outside. The only downside to curbside check-in is if you’re checking luggage that it may not get to your destination as quick, and it is not available for international travel. However, I have never had trouble with my luggage getting lost with curbside check-in and it always saves me plenty of time.

The second check point before boarding the plane is security. After September 11, security has been enhanced, but if you know what to expect you can breeze through the security without any problems. First, no lighters, scissors or knives are allowed so don’t bring them with. Most airports will you require to take your shoes and belt off, before going through the metal detector. Also, laptops need to be taken out of the case and placed in their own receptacle. Have your ID and ticket ready at all times, because it will be checked here as well. Once you’re through with security it’s time to find your terminal. If you are unfamiliar with the airport, it is beneficial to print a map off on-line or at least look at it before departure.

No Elbow room: How to deal With fewer planes and record numbers, planes are going to be crowded. According to the Air Transport Association planes may be at as high as 85 percent capacity. So, when choosing your seat keep in mind that the plane may be overcrowded. If you’re sitting in the middle or window seat, make sure that you have everything from your carry-on bag that you will need so you do not have to get up frequently. There is nothing you can do about bad airplane food, bad movies or the fact that you are stuck in the middle seat next to a fat guy, with an annoying kid behind you, so prepare for it all. Pack a snack or eat before you leave and bring plenty of things to entertain yourself with. Earplugs always are nice too, if you want to mask out the screams of small children. Most importantly though, just remain calm and do not stress out, you are on vacation.

Elvis has left the building After being crammed on an airplane for hours, leaving the airport as quickly as possible is most surely on your mind. Plan your exit travel plans before leaving. Some hotels offer airport pick-up service, so when booking your hotel ask if that option is offered and plan a pick-up place. Some airlines also offer package deals with airline tickets, car rentals and hotel reservations. If you’re traveling with your family this is a great deal, especially if you have lots of children and need a larger vehicle to fit them all. The Transportation Security Administration said it is expecting nearly 200 million air travelers nationwide between Memorial Day and Labor Day, so in order to avoid the crowds as much as possible, get cheap airline tickets and make travel less stressful, follow these simple airline travel tips and you’ll be on your way to fun.

Jillan Scheeler makes it easy to provide cheap airline tickets and also provide the ways to avoid the crowd while traveling.To recieve your free 4 part minicourse visit the cheap airline tickets website.

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Valuable Tips on Airline Travel – How to Save Big-Time

If the traveler were to ask passengers of the same aircraft traveling exactly the same schedule just how much they paid for their tickets, he would find an enormous variation in costs. If the same traveler would like to be the individual aboard the airline that paid the very least for his ticket, he must understand how to find inexpensive tickets. We would like to share some valuable tips on airline travel here.

Utilizing all available resources including websites and checking with local agents through newspaper, TV, and radio ads can yield values for airline tickets. Websites are available which allows the traveller a quick and easy way to compare rates. Merely enter your trip schedules and preferences and the rates for a variety of airline carriers and destination routes will appear. It is best to search at least three different sites to find these valuable tips on airline travel.

In general, there are some guidelines to follow when booking that can help to secure the most inexpensive airline travel:

1. Book in advance. Aim to book a minimum of 21 days in advance since airline carriers give reduced prices for early booking. When the traveller has months before he intends to travel, it’s important to check the costs regularly and watch to find the best package. Sudden price wars among airline carriers may possibly abruptly drive down prices. Some consumers have even noted that rates have a tendency to drop at certain times during the month as well as on certain days of the week. Look for trends and book a trip when the best price appears.

2. Flexibility. When looking for valuable tips for airline travel, having flexible travelling alternatives could yield even more low-cost bargains. The most affordable flight deals frequently include travelling during the week with a Saturday night stay. Also, the time of day during which an individual journey is taken can certainly make a difference. Early morning and late evening flights are often the least popular and offer the best deals. Also, attempt to plan a trip during an off-season or off-peak time period.

3. Ask the service representative. There could possibly be further inexpensive airline travel deals that are unadvertised or that travellers were unaware of. Many airline carriers have special reduced prices for active armed service personnel. When checking-in the day of travel, determine if any particular upgrade options are available. There may be fantastic bargains to be had–but a person just must inquire.

4. Bundle your trip. Should you book your trip together with a package that included hotel and rental car, it is feasible that the purchase price would be less expensive than booking individually.

When looking for valuable tips for airline travel, it really pays to shop around. The prices on airline tickets change rapidly, but the traveller who knows the ins-and-outs of how airline pricing works can have a definite advantage.

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Airline Travel

Rising fuel prices have impacted airline travel. Be prepared, and adjust your plans accordingly.

Continental Airlines plans to slash 3,000 jobs and reduce domestic flights in an effort to reduce operating costs. The cuts include pilots, flight attendants, mechanics, administrative personnel, and management.

“These actions will help Continental survive the crisis,” wrote Chairman and Chief Executive Larry Kellner, and President Jeff Smisek, in a letter to Continental’s 45,000 employees. In a move to demonstrate a personal response and commitment, the executives also announced that they would forgo incentive pay for the rest of 2008.

It has been estimated that charges for fuel will be $2.3 billion higher in 2008 than in the previous year. Beginning in September, Continental will decrease capacity by 11%, and will remove 67 airplanes from the fleet by the end of 2009.

United Airlines announced 14% reduction of capacity planned for fourth quarter of 2008. United Airlines is cutting 1,600 jobs.

United Airlines said that it will eliminate Ted, the discount arm of the airline launched in 2004. Ted catered to leisure travelers with only coach-class seating, but in the spring of 2009, the 56 Airbus A320′s will be reconfigured with first class seats and returned to the United Airlines fleet. At the same time, United Airlines will retire 94 Boeing 747′s as unprofitable planes and routes.

Delta announced 10% reduction of capacity in the fourth quarter of 2008.

American Airlines announced plans to reduce capacity by 12% in the fourth quarter of 2008.

As oil prices continue to rise, airlines are forced to respond with fewer flights, fewer routes, less staff, more passengers per plane, and higher prices. Reduced capacity translates to fewer flights, and this means that many of the smaller airports may be the first to feel the pinch. While some travelers may have enjoyed the convenience of smaller airports for proximity or to avoid the crowds of large airports, the availability of flight options may be greatly reduced. Airlines simply cannot afford to move aircraft with empty seats, so expect full flights, or expect that route to be on the chopping block.

In an effort to increase the number of passengers per plane, flights that do not have enough passengers may be canceled to combine passengers with other flights to the same destination. While many frequent flyers have experienced this interruption in travel plans in the past, it is likely to become commonplace while the airlines adjust to the new demands. When incomplete flights are combined, the result is typically an overbooking situation, which means more passengers than seats. As a result, some passengers may be temporarily stranded in a city overnight, pending an available flight the following day. Overbooking will become even more common as airlines endeavor to keep prices down by filling every seat on the plane.

What does all this mean to you?

Expect full flights. You will be able to tell your grandchildren about the days when you secretly counted the remaining number of individuals boarding the plane in hopes that you would have an empty seat between the window and aisle. Your grandchildren will think that you are making up stories when you tell them about the complimentary meals and movies that you enjoyed on the plane ride. One day the free meals and movies may sound as ridiculous as allowing smoking on a plane, imagine that.

Expect longer delays at security and check-in counters. Yes it is true, security is becoming more efficient, and automated check-in counters are intended to facilitate faster service. Nonetheless, as routes are consolidated and oversold crowds are consolidated into flight patterns that maximize the productivity of reduced staff to handle them, human traffic jams will occur. It is inevitable that consolidation will occur in the battle to control price increases, and in many ways the check-in lines will more often resemble the crowded lines at theme parks, mouse ears and all.

When possible, book direct flights. While this may be slightly more expensive than those connecting flights that enabled you to eat lunch in Houston and dessert in Orlando, it will also decrease your risk of spending an unexpected evening in Texas. When making your travel plans, consider the risk of an unexpected hotel and transportation in a connecting city, while your luggage goes on without you. Try to schedule your travel on morning flights, as opposed to the typical evening business flights, to allow greater opportunity for another flight without an overnight delay. If you do need to book a connecting flight, make sure that you have at least one hour between flights at the connecting airport. Remember that next flight boards thirty minutes before the scheduled flight time, which means that your seat could be on the roulette wheel if there is any delay on your original flight. Take responsibility to check your travel carefully when booking flights, and reduce your risks.

Allow some flexibility in your schedule, just in case you are delayed. Whether your travel is personal or professional, you will get where you need to go, eventually. If all goes well, you will arrive on time, and without incident. In the event that you are delayed, or your plans need to be adjusted, remember to always be courteous to the individual on the other side of the counter. Odds are that the staff member has lost many good friends and colleagues in the workforce reduction, and is now striving to do multiple jobs at once. Have compassion, for they are attempting to resolve the personal challenges for every passenger, every inconvenience, and every emergency that comes over the counter. Show your compassion, and you are more likely to receive a little in return.

As airline travel is impacted, it will have a domino effect on the rest of the travel industry. As prices increase, leisure travel diminishes, and routes are eliminated, so too must car rental companies adjust the inventory of available vehicles at appropriate airports. Consider booking your car well in advance, especially when traveling to a popular destination or busy airport. It will become more likely for car rental agencies to sell out.

The hospitality industry will also be impacted by decreased activity. Although this will be a delayed result, based on the adjusted number of travelers, the good news is that hotels may offer competitive discounts and incentives to retain loyal customers. You should sign-up for programs and be vigilant for special deals.

Those special airline rates for leisure travelers, and the last minute special deals for under $100, are likely to disappear. Prices for all seats are expected to increase, and fewer route options with fuller flights will mean that special discounts will be placed on the endangered species list. And for those hardy business travelers who have saved those frequent flyer miles in hopes of tropical vacation paradise, expect black-out periods and greater advance planning to use those miles in the crowded skies. If fuel prices continue to rise, consider your options to use those accumulated miles this year. Rising costs will force some airlines to introduce even more restrictions on the use of accumulated miles, since these free seats become a liability to cash-flow. Airlines have adjusted the policies on mileage in the past, and are likely to do it again in 2009. Your mileage may not be protected if your carrier of choice is forced to merge, be acquired, or enforce restrictions as a part of an economic reorganization plan. Take a break of the bad news of rising gas prices and fuel charges, and use your miles to go on a well earned vacation while you can still get the most for your miles.

It’s not all bad news. If hotels offer special rates, you might find some nice local vacation packages before the end of 2008, and early 2009. Rising fuel prices, reduced routes, and prohibitive restrictions on air travel may encourage more businesses to use teleconferencing, VOIP, and other technology to collaborate over long distances. A little less travel may mean a little more time at home, and that is always a good thing.

Words of Wisdom

“The scientific theory I like best is that the rings of Saturn are composed entirely of lost airline luggage.” – Mark Russell

“The saying “Getting there is half the fun” became obsolete with the advent of commercial airlines.”
- Henry J. Tillman

“Here’s what I think the truth is: We are all addicts of fossil fuels in a state of denial, about to face cold turkey.” – Kurt Vonnegut

John Mehrmann is author of The Trusted Advocate: Accelerate Success with Authenticity and Integrity, the fundamental guide to achieving extraordinary sales and sustaining loyal customers. This revolutionary book applies peak management techniques and leadership skills, with common sense and practical applications to grow business, sustain loyal customers, and use personal talents for personal success.

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Disparities in US Healthcare System

Healthcare disparities pose a major challenge to the diverse 21st century America. Demographic trends indicate that the number of Americans who are vulnerable to suffering the effects of healthcare disparities will rise over the next half century. These trends pose a daunting challenge for policymakers and the healthcare system. Wide disparities exist among groups on the basis of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and geography. Healthcare disparities have occurred across different regional populations, economic cohorts, and racial/ethnic groups as well as between men and women. Education and income related disparities have also been seen. Social, cultural and economic factors are responsible for inequalities in the healthcare system.

The issue of racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare have exploded onto the public stage. The causes of these disparities have been divided into health system factors and patient-provider factors. Health system factors include language and cultural barriers, the tendency for racial minorities to have lower-end health plans, and the lack of community resources, such as adequately stocked pharmacies in minority neighborhoods. Patient-provider factors include provider bias against minority patients, greater clinical uncertainty when treating minority patients, stereotypes about minority health behaviors and compliance, and mistrust and refusal of care by minority patients themselves who have had previous negative experiences with the healthcare system.

The explanation for the racial and ethnic disparities is that minorities tend to be poor and less educated, with less access to care and they tend to live in places where doctors and hospitals provide lower quality care than elsewhere. Cultural or biological differences also play a role, and there is a long-running debate on how subtle racism infects the healthcare system. Inadequate transportation or the lack of knowledge among minorities about hospital quality could also be factors of inadequate care. Racial disparities are most likely a shared responsibility of plans, providers and patients. There’s probably not one factor that explains all of the disparity, but health plans do play an important role. Racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare do not occur in isolation. They are a part of the broader social and economic inequality experienced by minorities in many sectors. Many parts of the system including health plans, health care providers and patients may contribute to racial and ethnic disparities in health care.

It is seen that there are significant disparities in the quality of care delivered to racial and ethnic minorities. There is a need to combat the root causes of discrimination within our healthcare system. Racial or ethnic differences in the quality of healthcare needs to be taken care of. This can be done by understanding multilevel determinants of healthcare disparities, including individual belief and preferences, effective patient-provider communication and the organizational culture of the health care system.

To build a healthier America, a much-needed framework for a broad national effort is required to research the reasons behind healthcare disparities and to develop workable solutions. If these inequalities grow in access, they can contribute to and exacerbate existing disparities in health and quality of life, creating barriers to a strong and productive life.

There is a need to form possible strategies and interventions that may be able to lessen and perhaps even eliminate these differences. It is largely determined by assumptions about the etiology of a given disparity. Some disparities may be driven, for example, by gaps in access and insurance coverage, and the appropriate strategy will directly address these shortcomings. The elimination of disparities will help to ensure that all patients receive evidence-based care for their condition. Such an approach will help establish quality improvement in the healthcare industry.

Reducing disparities is increasingly seen as part of improving quality overall. The focus should be to understand their underlying causes and design interventions to reduce or eliminate them. The strategy of tackling disparities as part of quality improvement programs has gained significant attraction nationally. National leadership is needed to push for innovations in quality improvement, and to take actions that reduce disparities in clinical practice, health professional education, and research.

The programs and polices to reduce and potentially eliminate disparities should be informed by research that identifies and targets the underlying causes of lower performance in hospitals. By eliminating disparities, the hospitals will become even more committed to the community. This will help to provide culturally competent care and also improve community connections. It will stimulate substantial progress in the quality of service that hospitals offer to its diverse patient community. Ongoing work to eliminate health disparities will help the healthcare departments to continually evaluate the patient satisfaction with services and achieve equality in healthcare services.

It is important to use some interventions to reduce healthcare disparities. Successful features of interventions include the use of multifaceted, intense approaches, culturally and linguistically appropriate methods, improved access to care, tailoring, the establishment of partnerships with stakeholders, and community involvement. This will help in ensuring community commitment and serve the health needs of the community.

There is the need to address these disparities on six fronts: increasing access to quality health care, patient care, provider issues, systems that deliver health care, societal concerns, and continued research. A well-functioning system would have minimal differences among groups in terms of access to and quality of healthcare services. This will help to bring single standard of care for people of all walks of life.

Elimination of health care disparities will help to build a healthier America. Improving population health and reducing healthcare disparities would go hand in hand. In the health field, organizations exist to meet human needs. It is important to analyze rationally as to what actions would contribute to eliminate the disparities in the healthcare field, so that human needs are fulfilled in a conducive way.

Meenu Arora has contributed her articles for both online and hard copy magazines. Her articles have also been published in international magazines. Presently working in the healthcare industry, she has also written and edited Health Q-A columns for international magazine for 5 years.

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New Careers in Physical Therapy

If you are interested in a profession in the medical industry that is very hands on, but does not involve doing surgery or working in an office all day, a physical therapy degree might be just right.

Especially geared toward individuals who enjoy physical fitness, sports medicine and helping patients one on one, PT jobs are a great in-between that can be very fun, very rewarding, and make a real difference in other people’s lives.

While all doctors and medical personnel help people, a physical therapist is frequently the last specialist to work with patients after surgical procedures or illness, and through sometimes very long treatment processes, so they get to experience not only the hard work and the pain of therapy, but the joys of helping people get well again.

For a real people-person, going to school to become a physical therapist could be a wonderful career choice.

Physical Therapy Requirements

The educational requirements for someone to get a PT degree includes first obtaining a Bachelor’s Degree (which is required for entry into any physical therapy programs), and then completing a graduate program at any one of a number of accredited physical therapy schools.

A few graduate programs offer early guaranteed admissions programs for some students as well, where the students gain guaranteed future acceptance into the PT program while they are still high school students, and as long as they complete a required set of undergraduate college courses first.

In either case, it is of great importance that students make sure to choose only Commission on Accreditation in PT Education (CAPTE) accredited courses so that they fulfill the necessary educational requirements, both as undergraduate and graduate students or they will not be permitted to sit for their licensing examination.

Once enrolled in a program, there are two different degrees that a PT can earn, either a Doctorate in Physical Therapy (DPT), or a Master of Physical Therapy (MPT) or Master of Science in Physical Therapy (MSPT). DPT programs are professional entry-level degrees that all physical therapists must complete.

MPT or MSPT programs are continued education, specialty programs that can be taken after a physical therapist has earned their DPT. The DTP physical therapy degree program typically takes three years to complete. Upon obtaining their degree, physical therapists may then take their board licensure examination so they can become employed in their field.

In the UK, degree qualifications differ slightly in that schooling requirements to become a PT are currently that of a Bachelor’s Degree in Physiotherapy, only, with the DPT degree considered to be post-professional, continued education. However, this is supposed to change within the next few years, to where UK PTs will all be required to earn a DPT degree as well.

Physical Therapy Jobs

In order to hold a job as a physical therapist, professionals must have passed their state licensure exam so they may practice in their state. If they relocate to another area, a PT must take the licensing exam for that state in order to be allowed to get a new job.

In the US alone, there are close to 200,000 physical therapists licensed to practice at many different types of facilities, with many more individuals working as physical therapists in other countries.

PTs are employed by both inpatient and outpatient hospital facilities, physical therapy clinics, fitness centers, skilled nursing centers, extended care facilities, schools, hospices, educational and research facilities, private workplaces and sports medicine practices all over the world.

Main duties include assessing patient initial condition, implementing prescribed physical therapy requests by referring physicians, teaching proper use of physical therapy equipment, tailoring therapy to each patient’s ability and progression, and carefully monitoring that progress and reporting it back to the referring physician.

Physical Therapy Salary

Entry-level salary for a PT in the US is around $80,000 annually as of 2011, according to the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA). In the UK, starting salary according to the National Health Service (NHS) is £21,176 – £27,534 (band 5).

In both cases, PT salary rates rises substantially with experience and years on the job, and can increase up to as much as $100,000 or more in the US and up to band 7 (£40,157) in the UK (or higher in the private sector). Naturally, PTs who specialize will make slightly more than the base salary brackets.

Interested individuals who would like to learn more about physical therapy schools and program accreditation should contact their country’s professional association for physical therapists, which will be able to point prospective students in the right direction.

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Important Information on Earning a Physical Therapy Degree

Getting a physical therapy degree takes time, hard work and dedication. It requires 7 to 8 years of college education and clinical experience learning for those wishing to become degreed, licensed professionals who are eligible for employment as a physical therapist.

Physical therapy programs or `PT Programs` are a demanding course of study, but the good news is it is also one of the professions that provide the highest amounts of personal satisfaction to those in the field.

Not only do PTs enjoy the benefits of ease of finding employment due to an increasing demand, as well as a highly competitive salary, these professionals report the highest levels of satisfaction and self worth in that they have made a difference in other people’s lives, a feeling that is invaluable.

Educational Requirements for a Physical Therapy Degree

Students interested in becoming a PT must first complete four years of undergraduate learning at an accredited college or university.

It is recommended to know ahead of time which PT program the student will likely apply to, and understand their prerequisite requirements in order to make the most efficient use of undergraduate time, enrolling in the courses that will help the student gain acceptance into their program of choice.

In most cases, prerequisite classes include English classes, maths and sciences, providing the essential base education on which the more specialized sciences and other classes in their physical therapy major will build on.

In order to receive a PT degree, students must first earn their Bachelor’s degree, and then graduate a physical therapy postgraduate program to receive their degree of DPT, Doctor of Physical Therapy.

Postgradute learning is largely done in the clinical setting, although there are some classroom courses as well. Working externships are a required part of obtaining their degree as well. Then, once graduated, students can take their licensing examination in order to be eligible for employment as a licensed physical therapist.

Transitional Physical Therapy Degree

Recently, there have been some changes made to the degree earned by physical therapists, requiring some professionals to update their degree from what has been termed a “transitional” DPT degree to the now accepted professional DPT degree.

In the past, there were two degrees offered depending on the physical therapy school, either the Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT), or the Master of Physical Therapy (MPT) or Master of Science in Physical Therapy (MSPT).

With how the profession has grown in the past 10 years or so, and the desire to standardize educational and professional requirements to obtain degrees, most countries now recognize the DPT as the main degree, and most schools have updated their curriculum’s so that they now offer this degree as well.

These changes, and this necessity to update degrees, stems from the public perception of the degree of “doctor” as opposed to “master”, and the need to continually update the education of those practitioners who have been in the field for a while, as therapies have gone through great change in recent years.

Updates On MSPT Degrees

It has been stated by the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) that by the year 2020, all clinicians graduating from physical therapy programs will earn the degree of Doctor of Physical Therapy, and the MPT or MSPT degrees will no longer be recognized. Physical therapy schools are required to offer only a DPT degree by 2015.

Those PTs holding a degree of MPT or MSTP, or even DPT degrees which for some reason do not carry the same educational and clinical experience requirements as most others, are being encouraged to take the necessary transitional courses to receive their upgraded, professional DPT degree.

As the main governing professional organizations like the APTA in the US and the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (CSP) in the UK begin to finalize the standardization of degree requirements, it is likely any PTs holding an MPT, MSPT or a t-DPT (transitional DPT, for graduates of programs currently being changed to fit created standards) will be required to take continuing education courses to elevate their transitional degrees to the new, accepted professional DPT.

PT School Recommendations

Recommendations for those interested in enrolling in school to become a PT is to find a program that is accredited by their country’s professional accreditation organization, ensure that the degree offered is the professional Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT), and then find out which courses should be taken during undergraduate education to increase the chance of acceptance into the program of choice.

Most PT degree programs do not have open enrollment, meaning they accept only the best students who are prepared for the demanding clinical work ahead in order to earn their degree.

With the right preparation, and making sure to apply to the right schools, a student will have the best chance of success in gaining the best education and then getting the best position as a qualified physical therapist.

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Getting a Physical Therapy Certification

Physical therapy is a great health career for those interested in the more physical aspects of patient care, rehabilitation, and helping people get through the injuries and illnesses that can happen in life.

It is a highly demanding profession, but also said to be one of the most valuable and well-regarded where personal satisfaction is concerned, having been named one of the happiest and best jobs overall by US News & World Report magazine in their annual list of #100 Best Jobs.

There is also the option to continue their education and get their physical therapy certification, opening up the possibility for specializing, and even more job opportunities making it easy to see how careers in physical therapy can be a great path for those individuals who are interested in these specialized rehabilitation areas.

Advanced Careers with Physical Therapy Certification

Becoming a board certified physical therapist is the second-highest qualification that you can gain, one which enables them to specialize in a number of different areas of their profession.

It can be a long road to do so, but it is one filled with many different educational opportunities and learning environments. Prior to becoming board certified however, licensed physical therapists must first fulfill a residency in physical therapy.

After becoming board certified, you may then continue in their specialty even further by taking a Fellowship, which is the highest level of education and specialty available to licensed professionals.

Physical Therapy Residency – After completion of all postgraduate schooling and passing their national licensing examination, those holding the degree of Doctor of Physical Therapy (or MPT, or MSPT), then apply for residency in an available program which will provide them with a higher level of “real life” education while actually working as a physical therapist.

Other Requirements

Residencies usually last between 9 and 36 months and involve 1500 hours of service in a variety of settings in order to complete the requirements. PT residencies more specialized, currently available in the following areas: Cardiovascular and Pulmonary, Clinical Electrophysiology, Geriatrics, Neurology, Orthopedics, Pediatrics, Sports, Women’s Health, and Wound Care.

Physical Therapy Fellowships – Fellowships provide yet even more experience and education toward a specialty or sub-specialty area. In order to qualify to apply to a fellowship, PTs must have one or more of the following qualifications: they must have graduated a residency program, they must be board-certified, and they must show exceptional clinical skills in an area of specialty to be considered.

If accepted to a fellowship, You will accrue another 6 to 36 months and 1000 hours of more highly specialized learning in one of the following areas: Hand Therapy, Movement Science, Neonatal, Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy, and Sports – Division 1 Athletics. Many go on to teach, consult, or help to outline future residency and fellowship programs, as well as see patients in their specialty areas.

Becoming Certified in a Physical Therapy Specialty

Board approval in through specialty physical therapy certification is overseen and awarded in the US by the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties (ABPTS), which also maintains a set of standards that residency and fellowship programs must uphold.

They also dictate the necessary qualifications that you must have in order to become board certified and receive a certification in any of the above-named specialty areas, and provide numerous means for licensed professionals to increase their education and advance their professional development.

Board certification in these areas involves fulfilling all clinical experience and educational requirements, then taking and passing an examination given by the ABPTS.

Certification is applicable for 10 years, after which those certified must re-test in their specialty, as well as fulfill a number of other qualifications. Failure to obtain re-certification by the date of expiry of the current certification will cause the PT to have their certification removed.

It is possible to – and recommended – for those holding physical therapy certification in any specialty begin their recertification process up to three years before their expiry date.

Although the profession is one that holds great importance the world over, and has seen dramatic growth over recent past years with estimation of continued growth, qualifications and certification practices vary greatly from country to country.

US requirements tend to be stricter than most for PTs there is a shift happening in the world of physical therapy as other countries are beginning to increase their educational and professional requirements, possibly due to increased demand, as well as knowledge of newer and better therapies.

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A Systemic Problem in Our Healthcare System

Those of you who are old enough to remember the Australian bush nurse Sister Kenny (1880-1952), will no doubt recall the brouhaha she caused within the medical establishment of her time. Elizabeth Kenny had devised a treatment for polio that was universally castigated by doctors of the day. In fact her methods proved time and again to be efficacious and became the forerunner for the practice of physical therapy as we know it today.

The reason Sister Kenny, and her struggles with the established order of medicine, is brought to mind is that licensed medical doctors all too often behave like members of a closed-shop union. In such an environment, no one is allowed to do work that is perceived as encroaching on their specialty, without consequent castigation and sanction. And, they vigorously lobby for laws to protect them from perceived interlopers.

In Sister Kenny’s case, she struggled for years to get her therapeutic methods accepted, even in the face of observable success, and admiring testimonials from patients. The medical profession cast aspersions on her methods and her person, largely because she wasn’t an accredited practitioner (only a nurse), and her methods contradicted generally accepted treatment standards.

In today’s contentious health care environment, alternative treatments are greatly frowned upon, and their practitioners ridiculed. Ask licensed doctors what they think of acupuncture, chiropractic, aroma or muscle activation therapy, and they will almost always turn up their noses. In fact, they have convinced the insurance industry that these methods are nothing more than palliatives bordering on quackery. Thus, patients are channeled into much more expensive surgical and drug treatments that often times provide no relief.

This is not to say that there aren’t quacks hovering around the practice of alternative medicine, just as there are quacks who are licensed to practice the approved variety. It is also not claimed that there alternative methods for all sicknesses or diseases. But it is also true that in most professions, wherever there is a buck to be made, a surfeit of willing hands will extend to accommodate. We see desperately sick people try all sorts of last gasp treatments, especially after traditional medicine has given up on them. And these alternative methods seldom work.

However, in the less well defined areas of pain management, due to a variety of causes, modern medicine has proven to be quite fallible. Countless thousands of people suffer through painful days of agony with only the promise of relief provided by dangerous drugs. Doctors prescribe many unproven medications because their pharmaceutical rep told them this was the cutting edge drug du jour for pain management. Big Pharma and the medical profession work hand and glove to push their latest (and expensive) drug on suffering patients. And since only licensed doctors can dispense them, this conduit is exploited by both parties. Why there might even be a financial incentive for the prescribing doctor. Heavens!

Because of the built-in aversion to examining or even testing alternative therapies, the healthcare system is saddled with more expensive, “accredited” treatments that push the insured patients in that direction.

Even though back surgery has been shown to be less than 50% effective, and much less costly alternative therapies have proven efficacious, they are ignored. Worse, just as in Sister Kenny’s case, they are scoffed at by the establishment. Such are the ironic side-effects of our costly for-profit health care system.

As another example of padding the bottom line is a practice that is becoming more common. Doctors are increasingly insisting on patients coming in for an office visit just to renew a prescription. Admittedly for some drugs it is necessary to monitor side effects (another indication of how dangerous some of them are), but in many cases it is totally unnecessary. As cuts in Medicare go into effect (which will increase, rather than cut costs), doctors will seek more ways to supplement their income. Once a professional is used to a certain level of earnings (no matter the discipline), it’s hard to accept less. Doctors are no exception.

So, the bottom line is that there just might be ways to improve both the costs of health care and the patients’ welfare by researching and approving alternative therapies. Sadly, that’s not even on the table for discussion.

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Physical Therapy Colleges and Programs of Study Which Are Offered

Nowadays a lot of school graduates think about their future careers. They usually know their likings and wishes and they try to strive to their aims. Being in a high school they understand what courses they have to finish in order to enroll successfully in this or that university.

There are a lot of different professions. Each student tries to find his or her destiny. Some of students are willing to become teachers, some of them would like to find a job in the field of technique, some students prefer to become economists and also some students would like to have a job in the field of medicine. The field of medicine is very diverse and is very useful for people. Usually specialists in the field of health and care are the most required professionals.

One of the branches of this field is the physical therapy. Physical therapy is very important and required branch because a lot of people have problems with their physical health or have some disabilities. That’s why there should be such professionals because they help people to move freely.

Physical therapy (or physiotherapy), often abbreviated PT, is a health care profession which aim is to restore functional ability and quality of life of people who have physical impairments or disabilities. Physical therapists (or physiotherapists) are primary healthcare professionals who diagnose and treat people of all ages, from newborns to the very oldest, who have different medical problems or other health related troubles, illnesses, or injuries that restrict their abilities to move and perform definite functional activities. Physical therapists examine each person and develop a proper plan using treatment techniques to contribute the ability to move, reduce pain, restore function, and prevent disability. In addition, Physical therapists work with individuals to preclude the loss of mobility before it occurs by developing fitness and wellness-oriented programs for healthier and more active lifestyles, providing services to individuals and populations to create, maintain and restore the highest level of movement and functional ability throughout the lifespan. This includes providing services in circumstances where movement and function are threatened by injury, disease or environmental factors. Functional movement is the most important to what it means to be healthy.

Physical therapy has many specialties including cardiopulmonary, geriatrics, neurologic, orthopedic and pediatrics, to name some of the more common areas. Physical therapists practice in many settings, such as outpatient clinics or offices, inpatient rehabilitation facilities, skilled nursing facilities, extended care facilities, private homes, education and research centers, schools, hospices, industrial workplaces or other occupational environments, fitness centers and sports training facilities.

You can start your education of physical therapist in the college in the United States and Canada. Physical therapy colleges offer a great variety of diploma, certificates and degree programs depending on the course of study in which you would like to enter.

For those who just begin their education, a lot of therapy colleges offer doctoral and master’s degree programs to those students who have already done with the bachelor’s degree in related sciences. These obligatory degree programs include such courses as human anatomy, kinesiology, functional training, exercise, growth and development, prevention and intervention, psychosocial studies, orthotics and prosthetics, pharmacology, clinical orthopedics, electrotherapeutic modalities, rehabilitation, joint examination, and of course, physical therapies; among other associated subject matter. All these courses are very important for a physical therapist because they include the knowledge of the basis of the body and all possible variations of treatment of one and the same muscle and other parts of the body.

If you would like to become more advanced in training of physical therapy, then you can be offered four years of training. This is offered by physical therapy college. But this is only if you are willing to become more experienced and advanced. Usually the completing of diploma or certificate in the physical therapy college takes not more that the period of two years.

As for the studying on the bachelor degree program, you should know that it requires more thorough and detailed education. If you study by the bachelor degree program in the physical therapy college, then you will get acquainted with such courses as biomechanics, massage, anatomy, pharmacology, and other clinical sciences like orthopedics, clinical medicine and neurology, and other relative training. But you have mention that studying by the bachelor degree program will take four years, and only after studying four years you can complete your education and become a physical therapist.

There is one more opportunity for those who would like to become a physical therapy assistant. This opportunity can be given by accredited degree programs in the physical therapy colleges. This is an excellent opportunity for the candidates on the position of the physical therapy assistant. In different colleges the curriculum is very different, but usually the main courses don’t change. In order to become a physical therapy assistant you have to complete such courses as anatomy, physiology, biology, chemistry, as well as psychology. In most cases, different physical therapist educational programs in different physical therapy colleges provide students with training and certification in the basic first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). It is fact that education and training are the most important and essential as for physical therapists and for physical therapist aides. But you should know that the most important for these professions are skills and experience which are usually gained through internships and through different additional trainings on the job.

So, you have to make a right choice and be able to understand that the profession of the physical therapist is very difficult and requires a lot of effort and time. You have to be sure that you really would like to help people and take part in their lives. To be a physical therapist is very difficult and you should know that it requires a lot of time on education and training. In this article you’ve got to know about the physical therapy degree programs in the therapy colleges of United States of America and Canada. These colleges provide three degrees such as bachelor, master and doctoral. According to the degree you will have definite requirements of education. If you would like to become a physical therapist in two years, then you are welcome to complete your education by finishing the bachelor degree program. But except this you have to have a lot of trainings. Training in this profession is very important and it is required to have training for a long period of time. So, if you are sure that you definitely would like to become a physical therapist, then you have to choose the physical therapy college. You have to choose thoroughly, because your choice is the first step into your successful future career. The college which you will choose has to be accredited, because only in accredited colleges you will receive perfect education and you will definitely be given a proper job. So, if it is your dream, just be patient and try to move forward to your dream. Try to follow all the requirements given in the article and listen to the opinions of those people who know about this profession. Also it is advisable to search for the information in the internet. In the internet you can find a lot of useful information about physical therapy colleges and programs. There you can find requirements for admission and additional information about colleges and programs offered. Follow this information and you will definitely achieve your aim and also you will definitely have a successful profession in future.

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Obtaining of a Physical Therapy Degree Online

Recently a lot of students being in a high school think about their future careers. They usually understand and know their likings and wishes and they try to do everything in order to get closer to their aims. While in a high school they understand what courses they have to finish in order to enter successfully into the university which they like and wish.

There is a great variety of professions. Each student tries to find his or her own way on a professional path. Some of students are willing to become teachers, some of them would like to find a job in the field of technique, some students prefer to become economists and also some students would like to have a job in the field of medicine. The field of medicine is very diverse and is very useful for people. Usually professionals in the field of health and care are the most required specialists.

One of the branches of the field of health and care is the physical therapy. Physical therapy is very necessary and required branch nowadays because a lot of people have different problems with their physical health or have some disabilities. That’s why there should be professional physical therapists because they help people to move freely and become healthier.

Physical therapy is a branch of medicine that helps to treat people who have health problems, injuries, illnesses, or surgeries that limit their possibility of mobility and range of motion. The conditions which are treated by physical therapists include sports injuries, joint replacements, orthopedic surgery, burns, job-related conditions, and others. The physical therapist usually uses different treatment techniques that reduce pain, restore function, and prevent disability. Physical therapists work in such establishments as hospitals, outpatient facilities, and private offices. Physical therapists must be strong and able to move heavy equipment and lift patients.

Those students who are interested in healthcare for sports or physical activities can obtain a career in physical therapy. Physical therapists have to be strong in academics, especially science and have perfect interpersonal skills with the ability to communicate with others. The responsibilities of physical therapists include improving the physical condition of the patients like the proper functioning of limbs after an injury, surgery or illness, improving mobility, and reducing pain. They also work with patients who have different severe injuries or diseases like lower back pain, arthritis, cerebral palsy, to preserve physical disabilities from occurring or to restrain the effects of these disabilities. Those people who suffer from heart diseases or other related health problems are also recommended to use a physical therapist to treat joint pains and muscle problems.

For those students who wish to obtain an academic degree or who would like to continue their studies in their current field, there are many variants for education available. With such diverse activities and distractions in the daily lives of people, many of them are too busy to attend full-time courses at school in order to get their degree. Online degree programs offer different opportunities for people to take classes at their own wish and time while working toward graduation. The increased usage of Internet and computer in recent years has multiplied. This made the online degree programs very available variant for busy people. There are many kinds of classes and programs offered for online degrees.

Online educational programs are the best opportunity with the help of which you can obtain the specialty already working and having too little time for study. Obtaining the physical therapy degree will give you the possibility to help people to treat their injuries. But you should mention that the very important thing is that you have to mention the reputation and accreditation of the higher educational establishment in which you will enroll and will get your online physical therapy degree. You can make a research of accredited schools by joining different online forums where people usually share their opinions about the specific course of physical therapy. You can get there the best piece of advice from people who have some experience in getting this degree.

The online physical therapy degree programs are usually very convenient and can be completed in a very short period of time. There are different online physical therapy higher educational establishments which offer diverse courses the aim of which is to understand the human form and muscles. If you have already chosen the proper establishment for you, then you have to have some training in order to be able to maintain and restore patient’s health and shape. If you don’t choose yet the school, then you can have an opportunity to try yourself in one of the most popular online physical therapy degree schools which is called the Associate of Applied Science in Physical Therapy.

These courses usually prepare students for the first level in the profession of physical therapy, after these courses students can become physical therapy assistants. On this level you have to complete such courses as physiology, anatomy, communication, and the like. There are also offered physical therapy nurse programs which usually train students to help the patients to restore the function of the body, reduce pain, and increase the mobility of a patient. After getting the online therapy degree nurses usually work in such establishments as hospitals, physical therapy clinics and also in private clinics.

When you decided to get the online physical therapy program, then you have to know that there will be some documentary requirements which you will have to complete and fill out. Such requirements usually differ from one school to another. When you complete everything, you have to make sure that you prepared for that emotionally and mentally. Getting the online physical therapy degree will not make you very exhausted physically, but you still will need to be strong and prepared for difficulties.

You also have to know that it is advisable for you not to miss some online classes which are required as well as the on-campus trainings. They will be required from time to time. Because of the fact that this is a physical therapy course, it will be required to have the on-hand training. These are the only periods of time when you will have to be present in school. It is better for you to manage your schedule and time wisely and efficiently in that way that you will have an opportunity to complete the course without any problems. If you have a lot of intention and dedication to the study, an online physical therapy degree will be worth your efforts.

So, you have to make a right decision and be able to understand that the profession of the physical therapist is very difficult and requires a lot of effort and time. You have to be sure that you are really willing to help people and take part in their lives taking care of them and treating them. To be a physical therapist is very difficult and you should know that it requires a lot of time on receiving education and training. In this article you’ve got to know about the physical therapy degree program online and its advantages. The physical therapy colleges and universities offer three degrees such as bachelor, master and doctoral. It is good for you if you have obtained the bachelor’s degree, but it is really advisable for you to obtain the doctoral degree. Besides the online physical therapy degree is provided only on the doctoral level. But except this you have to obtain a lot of training. Training in this profession is very important and it is required to have training for a long period of time. If you are a practicing physical therapist or just have a willing to continue your education, it is greater for you to obtain your doctoral degree online. So, if you are sure that you definitely would like to become a physical therapist, you have to choose the physical therapy higher educational establishment. Your choice must be very precise, because your choice is the first step into your successful future profession. The college or school which you will choose has to be definitely accredited, because only in accredited colleges you will receive perfect and proper education and you will definitely be given a great job. So, if it is your dream, just be patient and try to go and move forward to your dream. Try to follow all the requirements given in the article and listen to the opinions of those people who know about this profession and have some experience in it. Also it is advisable to search for the information in the internet. In the internet there is a lot of useful information about physical therapy colleges and schools and different online programs. There you can find requirements for admission and additional information about higher educational establishments and online programs offered. Follow this information and you will definitely achieve your aim and also you will definitely have a successful profession in future.

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